Photo: John Binns
Just because a building doesn’t reach the criteria for listing and protecting as a historic structure doesn’t mean it isn’t worth saving.
Nearly a year ago I wrote about to the loss of the Tudno Castle Hotel, Llandudno, which, though listed Grade II, was completely demolished after an inadequate survey failed to show that a scheme to retain only the façade was in fact impractical: https://www.mikehigginbottominterestingtimes.co.uk/?p=5311.
More recently, my Isle of Man friend John spotted the demise of the long-derelict Imperial Hotel on Douglas Promenade at the end of August 2018: http://www.iomtoday.co.im/article.cfm?id=38524&headline=The%20end%20is%20nigh%20for%20Victorian%20hotel§ionIs=news&searchyear=2018.
The Imperial dates from 1891, one of a number of imposing sea-front hotels by the Manx property-developer Alexander Gill (c1852-1919). Others still remaining include the Hydro (1910) and the Empress Hotel.
The Imperial closed in 2006, and remained unused except as an occasional training site for police sniffer dogs.
Douglas Promenade is actually a series of promenades, built 1875-1890 to take advantage of the broad sweep of Douglas Bay by providing building land for the island’s growing tourist industry.
The whole extent of the Promenade is designated as a conservation area: https://www.gov.im/media/633077/douglaspromsconsarea.pdf.
It’s a magnificent sight despite regrettable gaps where ungracious modern structures have replaced Victorian originals such as the Palace Pavilion & Opera House (1889 onwards, demolished 1965 and 1994), the Promenade Methodist Church (1876, demolished 1975) and the Villiers Hotel (1879, demolished 1995).
The late Gavin Stamp wrote about the insidious threats to the island’s built heritage when the Villiers Hotel was at risk in 1994: https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/news/the-isle-of-mammon-is-ripping-out-its-soul-the-manx-governments-indifference-nay-hostility-to-1448732.html.
The Isle of Man’s parliament, Tynwald, has its own system of Registered Buildings, without the grading that applies in the UK. Manx registrations began in 1983, and so far cover only 275 buildings, with another 250 under consideration.
Consideration of extending the list has not been energetic. According to Wikipedia – there seems to be no online version of the official list – there were four registrations in 2014, one in 2015, four in 2017 and so far only two in 2018: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Registered_Buildings_of_the_Isle_of_Man.
An Alliance for Building Conservation (ABC) was formed in 2016 to co-ordinate campaigning to protect the island’s built heritage: http://www.abc.org.im/index.php/abc-background-and-history.
One of the Alliance’s achievements has been a regular series of articles in the Isle of Man Examiner highlighting causes for conservationist concern. A recent article reviews the glacial process of changing Manx attitudes to historical conservation: http://www.iomtoday.co.im/article.cfm?id=40533.
Because it takes so long to list worthwhile Manx buildings, it’s no surprise that less distinguished places like the Imperial Hotel come to grief, yet their group value is invaluable, and when the gaps they leave are replaced by mediocre substitutes, or left empty, the effect diminishes the whole.
Though the Isle of Man is small in extent, it’s rich in history.
In many places in the UK and across the world the historic heritage is seen to be good for the local economy.
Unfortunately, in the Isle of Man investment and commercial development tend to be at odds with the good of the environment.